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TYPES OF FAMILY BENEFIT

The Parental Protection and Family Benefits Act regulates insurance for parental protection and the rights arising from it, family benefits, conditions and procedure for exercising individual rights, and other issues concerning the implementation of this Act.

 

LEAVE:

Maternity leave

 

Maternity leave is intended for preparation for giving birth and care and protection of the child immediately after birth. The mother has the right to maternity leave but under certain conditions, this right may also be exercised by the father or another person.

 

The mother starts maternity leave 28 days before the anticipated date of birth, which is specified by a gynaecologist. If the mother does not start maternity leave at that time, the unused part of maternity leave may not be used after the child's birth, unless the birth was premature.


If the mother has still not started maternity leave on the day of birth, she commences it on the day the child is born.

 

Maternity leave lasts 105 days and must be used in a single block of time in the form of complete absence from work.

 

The father has the right to maternity leave, if:

  • the mother dies
  • the mother abandons the child
  • the mother is deemed by a competent physician to be permanently or temporarily incapable of independent life and work
  • the mother is younger than 18 years and has the status of apprentice, pupil or student. In such a case the mother must give her consent for the father to make use of the remaining maternity leave.

Paternity leave


Paternity leave is intended for fathers to be able share with the mother the child's care and protection during the child’s most sensitive period. This right is not transferable. Paternity leave lasts 30 days. The father must use the paternity leave:

  • lasting 15 days in the form of full or part absence from work up until the age of the child of six/in some cases 12 months. The father receives wage compensation for these 15 days
  • lasting 15 days in the form of full or part absence from work after the parental leave until child finishes the first grade of elementary school. The father receives wage compensation for these 15days

Parental leave

Each parent has the right to 130 days of parental leave (together 260 days). Mother can transfer to a father 100 days of parental leave and a father can transfer to a mother 130 days of parental leave. Parental leave follows immediately after maternity leave and is intended for the further care and protection of the child. Parental leave shall be used in a continuous series in the form of full or partial absence from work.



In exceptional cases, parental leave may also last longer.

Part of the parental leave of children lasting a maximum of 75 days may be transferred and used up until the child finishes the first grade of elementary school.

 

Adoptive parents have the right to parental leave, under same conditions as biological parents.

 

 

COMPENSATION

  • maternity benefit
  • paternity benefit
  • parental benefit

 

2. the right to paternity benefit during paternity leave in the duration of 20 days, while

the Republic of Slovenia shall ensure the father the payment of social security

contributions from the minimum wage for the duration of 25 days (in 2017);

3. the right to parental benefit during parental leave;


 The basis for individual type of parental benefit shall be the average basis from which the

contributions for parental protection had been calculated during the past twelve months before the first application for parental leave had been submitted.

Limitation: the minimum compensatin is 323 eur gross, the maximum 2.862 eur gross. The maternity leave is 100% of the basis, the paternity and parental benefit is temporary 90% of the basis.

 

RIGHTS ARISING FROM THE ENTITLEMENT TO WORK SHORTER HOURS

 

The right to part-time work is held by one of the parents up to three years of age.

 

One of the parents, who cares for and protects two or more children, may exercise the right to part-time work until the youngest child has completed the first grade of elementary school. One year is non-transferable for each parent.

 

One of the parents who cares for and protects a child with a moderate or severe motor handicap or moderate to severe mentally handicapped child, may extend the right until the child is 18 years of age. This right may be extended on the basis of the opinion of a medical commission.

 

Part time work must involve at least half of working obligations (20 hours a week). The right and the method of use are agreed between the employer and employee by a contract.

 

The right to payment of social security contributions is the right of a person exercising the right to part-time work. The employer pays the contributions according to actual working duties, and the Republic of Slovenia guarantees payment of social security contributions up until full working time.

 

 

  • PAYMENT OF CONTRIBUTIONS IN THE CASE OF FOUR OR MORE CHILDREN

 

One of the parents who leave the labour market because of protection and care of four or more children has the right to payment of social security contributions based on the minimum wage, until the youngest child has completed the first grade of elementary school.

 

  • COMPENSATION DURING BREAK FOR NURSING MOTHERS

The mother has the right to compensation during break for nursing (for one hour a day) until child reaches 9 months.

 

The mother has the right to payment of social security contributions during break for nursing (for one hour a day) for a child from 9-18 months.

 

Year

Averige  number of persons (maternity/parental benefit)

izplačana sredstva
(v EUR/1000 SIT)

2016

20.064

230.303.681

2015

19.896

233.800.707

2014

20.643

243.940.353 

  • PARENTAL BENEFIT

Intended for mother, father or other person taking care of the child and are not covered by the parental protection insurance. Both mother/father and the child must have permanent residence and actually reside in Slovenia. The benefit amount is €252.04 per month and lasts 365 days from the birth of a child.

Year

Averige number of persons (mother or father)

Total expenditure (per year)

2016

3.621

10.565.461

2015

3.638

10.584.833

2014

3.163

9.221.143

  • CHILD BIRTH ALLOWANCE

A one-off payment to be spent on the purchase of items for the new-born child whose mother or father has permanent residence in Slovenia and actually resides in Slovenia and a monthly average income (per person) not exceeding 64% of the net average wage. Layette amounts to €280.

 

 

Year

Averige number of children

Total expenditure (per year)

2016

15.648

4.477.485

2015

15.570

4.395.739

2014

15.533

4.432.599

  • SPECIAL CHILDCARE ALLOWANCE

It provides financial assistance to a family with a child with special needs (permanent residence and actually residing in Slovenia) and is intended to cover the higher cost of caring for such a child. The benefit is paid until the parents have a responsibility to maintain, i.e. until the age of 26, if they are in education. The monthly amount is €100; for children who are in need of special care 24 hours per day the monthly amount is €200.

Year

Averige number of children

Total expenditure (per year)

2016

26.106

10.638.237

2015

25.926

10.526.058

2014

25.241

10.324.622 

  • PARTIAL PAYMENTS FOR LOSS OF INCOME 

Paid to one of the parents who has left his/her job or works part time in order to care for a child with special needs (severe disturbance in mental development or severe disability in movement) up to 18 years based on the opinion of a medical commission. The child and one of the parents must be permanent residents of Slovenia and actually reside in Slovenia. The monthly amount equals to €734.15 gross. For parents working part-time, the benefit is adjusted proportionately to the hours worked.

 

The right to work part time for less severe cases (Pravica do dela s krajšim  delovnim časom za starše otrok, ki potrebujejo posebno nego in varstvo):

One of the parents who cares for and protects a child with a moderate or severe motor handicap or moderate to severe mentally handicapped child, may extend the right until the child is 18 years of age based on the opinion of a medical commission.

 

Part time work must involve at least 20 hours a week (half of legal full-time hours and has to be agreed between the employer and employee by a contract.

The employer pays the salary for the actual hours worked, and the State pays additional social security contributions up to full-time hours.

 

Year

Averige number of persons (mother or father)

Total expenditure (per year)

2016

739

5.952.601

2015

731

6.386.455

2014

712

6.681.436

 

 

  • LARGE FAMILY ALLOWANCE

One-off payment of annual financial assistance intended for families with three or more children who meet certain age conditions (until the parents have a responsibility to maintain, i.e. until the age of 26, if they are in school). One of the parents and children must have joint permanent residence in Slovenia and actually reside in Slovenia and a monthly average income (per person) not exceeding 64% of the net average wage. The allowance amounts to €395 for families with three children and to €480 for families with four or more children.

Year

Averige number of families

Total expenditure (per year)

2016

26.106

10.638.237

2015

25.926

10.526.058

2014

25.241

10.324.622 

 

 

  • CHILD BENEFIT

The child must have permanent or temporary residence and actually reside in Slovenia.

Amount of benefit varies according the income in% of the net national average wage in the Republic of Slovenia of the previous year and is paid up to the age of 18:

For children before/in elementary school:

 

Monthly income per person (family member)

(in EUR)

Amount for children before/in elementary school (in EUR)

For children in secondary education, paid up to the age of 18 (in EUR) 

1st Child 

2nd child

 

3rd and every next Child

 

1st Child

 

2nd child

 

3rd and every next Child

 

1

 

up to 185,43

114,31

125,73

137,18

114,31

125,73

137,18

2

 

above 185,44 up to 309,05

97,73

108,04

118,28

97,73

108,04

118,28

3

 

above 309,06 up to 370,86

74,48

83,25

91,98

74,48

83,25

91,98

4

 

above 370,87 up to 432,67

58,75

67,03

75,47

58,75

67,03

75,47

5

 

above 432,68 up to 545,98

48,04

56,06

64,03

48,04

56,06

64,03

6a

 

above 545,99 up to 576,90

30,44

38,10

45,71

30,44

38,10

45,71

6b

 

above 576,91 up to 659,30

30,44

38,10

45,71

43,44

51,10

71,17

7

 

above 659,3 up to 844,73

22,83

 

30,44

 

38,10

 

28,83

 

36,44

 

49,65

 

8

 

above 844,73 up to 1.019,86

19,88

 

27,50

 

35,11

 

22,88

 

30,50

 

39,89

 

 

 

When a child lives in a single-parent family then the Child Benefit (otroški dodatek) is increased by 30%.

If a pre-school child is not enjoying available childcare services then the child benefit is increased by 20%.

Child Benefit (otroški dodatek) is paid to one of the parents or a third person caring for the child.

Child benefit is means testing (Income and assets of all family members)

 

Year

Averige number of children

 Total expenditure

(per year)

2016

249.230

228.088.632

2015

242.665

220.401.873

2014

238.325

217.624.215